During pregnancy, a female body will react by making changes and producing pregnancy hormones to support the pregnancy itself. These pregnancy hormones are useful to support the pregnancy especially for the baby to develop well. It’s good for pregnant women to know about hormones produced during pregnancy and also the functions and effects caused by them, so there will not be any misunderstandings or even turning them into pregnancy myths for the changes that happen during pregnancy. These are a few hormones produced during pregnancy, and the functions and effects caused:
Pregnancy Hormone HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin)
This hormone will only be found in the body of a pregnant woman, it’s made by embryo right after fertilization and also because of placenta tissues. The pregnancy hormone that is produced by villi choriales causes the increasing of progesterone production by the egg and suppresses period and takes care of the pregnancy. The production of HCG will increase up until the 70th day and will decrease for the rest of the pregnancy. Pregnancy hormone HCG might have additional functions, such as; HCG affects immunity tolerant on pregnancy. This hormone is an indicator that’s detected by the pregnancy test pack via urine. If a pregnancy test pack detects any increase of HCG hormone level in urine, then the pregnancy test pack will indicate that there is a pregnancy or a positive test result.
High level of HCG in blood causes nausea and morning sickness.
Pregnancy Hormone HPL (Human Placental Lactogen)
Is a hormone produced by placenta, it’s a protein hormone that stimulates development and causes changes in carbohydrate and fat metabolisms. This pregnancy hormone is very important in breasts milk production. Low level of HPL indicates the placenta is not functioning well.
Changes on breasts. Breasts get bigger and sore on nipples if touched.
Pregnancy Hormone Relaxin
Pregnancy hormone produced by corpus luteum and placenta. Soften cervical and relaxes the hip joint.
Relaxation on ligament and joints.