Pregnancy Nutrition

Foods Should Be Avoided During Pregnancy


Food is one of important factors to keep your pregnancy health. By eating nutritious foods you can keep your health during pregnancy. Furthermore, the baby will also get enough important nutrients to keep them health. Just notice that the development of your baby depends on what you eat during pregnancy. To get good foods you need to know about the principles of eating well. For more information about it, you can just read: The Principle of eating well during Pregnancy.

In this case, there is a question about what kind of foods you need to avoid during pregnancy period. Actually, there are several foods you need to avoid during your pregnancy period. You should avoid those foods because it leads you to infection problem. The infection problem is including salmonella, toxoplasma, listeria, and ecoli. Definitely, those infections harm your baby. The specific type of food you should avoid during pregnancy is written below:

  • Don’t eat rare or medium meat such as sushi. This is because rare and medium meat contains of toxoplasma. It is a kind of parasite which can cause serious infection for baby. Moreover, this product contains of ecoli which is also dangerous for pregnant mother.
  • Don’t forget to wash vegetables in the right way. By washing the vegetables in the right way you can prevent toxoplasma. It is very important information especially if you love to eat rare vegetables salad. Don’t play with cat during your pregnancy period because it brings toxoplasma.
  • Don’t eat rare or medium egg and chicken. Just avoid consuming liver of chicken because it becomes the source of salmonella. Salmonella leads you to suffer from diarrhea. It is better to wash the cooking utensils especially if they are used to cook rare chicken meat.
  • Don’t eat tuna, sea bass, or any other fishes which are known containing of high level of mercury. Fishes which contain of high level of mercury can cause nerve damage especially if you eat in a big portion.
  • Soft cheese such as brie and camembert, blueveined, cheese made from sheep milk. Don’t ever try to drink unpasteurized milk. Those products have a possibility to bring listeria. Listeria is a type of bacteria which can pass through placenta and cause fetus infection problem. Even, listeria can cause miscarriage, premature and poisonous blood problem. It is better to avoid those foods during your pregnancy until you birth the baby.
  • Don’t drink alcohol because it leads the baby to suffer from undeveloped fetus and emotional problem for your baby.
  • Try to limit the level of drinking caffeine such as coffee and tea. Coffee leads your baby to suffer from low weight problem, miscarriage and reduce the level of iron absorbed by your baby.


The Principles of Eating Well during Pregnancy

Food is an important key to get a healthy pregnancy. A well eating habit not only keeps pregnant mother health but also keeps the unborn baby health. Remember! The development of the unborn baby depends on what you give to it. One of important things during pregnancy is the food and how you eat the food.  That’s why you should learn and keep the principles of eating well during pregnancy. Those principles are including:  

Changing Your Eating Habit

It is better to change your eating habit although you think that your eating habit is good enough. Remember! You are in your pregnancy period. If you want to do diet program, you should take a diet program for pregnant mother. In pregnancy period, it is a must to eat foods contain of protein, calories (for energy), vitamin, and mineral such as folate acid and iron. Those compounds are very important for the development of your baby. Just take a note that you need extra 300 calories per day during pregnancy.  

Avoiding Harmful Foods 

There are several foods you should avoid during pregnancy. Those foods are rare meat and egg, cheese, unpasteurized milk, alcohol, and caffeine. For the complete information about the foods which should be avoided during pregnancy, read the article: Foods which should be avoided during Pregnancy. 

Don’t take diet program during pregnancy 

You have to realize that this is not the right time to take diet program. In fact, doing diet leads you and your baby in dangerous condition. For example, you will be lack of vitamin and mineral which are very important during pregnancy. The weight gain during pregnancy is a good sign for your pregnancy. Pregnant mother with a good eating habit will gain more weight. Moreover, you will deliver a healthy baby. 

Eating in small portion frequently 

In first trimester, you will be suffered from nausea problem. One of the solutions is by eating in small portion frequently. Just avoid spicy and oily foods. It is better to eat every 4 hours in small portion. Moreover, it is a must for you to eat every 4 hours although you don’t feel hungry. This is because your baby still needs the food regularly. 

Consuming pregnancy vitamin regularly

Your foods are the best source of vitamin. Are you sure that diet gives you enough vitamin or nutrition during your pregnancy period? In fact, you have to make sure that your baby gets enough folate acid and iron to keep them health. For that reason, it is better to support your foods by consuming vitamin regularly.  

Drink enough water

It is better to drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. This is because your body and your baby need enough liquid. For your information, 33% of your weight gain in pregnancy period is because of liquid. In fact, the liquid is needed to build red blood cell especially to help fetal membrane circulation system. Your body needs enough water during pregnancy to prevent constipation and control the temperature of the body.

Eating foods contain of fiber, fruits and vegetables 

It is a must to eat enough food contains of fiber during your pregnancy. Fruits and vegetables help you to prevent constipation during pregnancy

Important Nutrition during Pregnancy

Pregnancy nutritionImportant Nutrition during Pregnancy. The needs of nutrients on a pregnant woman increases during pregnancy, especially when approaching the second trimester. Because at that moment, the fetal develops fast - especially the brain development and also the nervous system and needs an optimal nutrition.

The nutrition needed are:

  1. Carbohydrate and fat as sources of energy to produce calories can be obtained from cereals, tubers.
  2. Protein as source of builder substances can be obtained from meats, fishes, eggs and nuts.
  3. Mineral as regulator can be obtained from fruits and vegetables.
  4. Vitamin B complex is useful for keeping the nervous system, muscles, and heart, work normally. Can be found in cereals, beans, nuts, green vegetables, yeast, eggs, and dairy.
  5. Vitamin D is useful for your baby’s bones development. It can be found in fish liver oil, yolk, and milk.
  6. Vitamin E is useful for healthy red blood cells. Eat beans especially wheat, nuts, vegetable oil and green vegetables.
  7. Folic acid is useful for nerve system and blood cells development, found in dark green colored vegetables like spinach, cauliflower and broccoli. On fruits, folic acid can be found in oranges, bananas, carrots and tomatoes. The need of folic acid during pregnancy is 800 mcg a day, especially on the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Lacking folic acid can impair brain development, and also causes congenital defects on central nervous system or fetal brain.
  8. Iron is needed by pregnant women to avoid anemia, can be found in green vegetables (such as, spinach, kale, cassava leafs, papaya leafs), meats and livers.
  9. Calcium is needed for fetal bones and teeth development, also to keep pregnant women from osteoporosis. If the need of calcium is not fulfilled enough, then the lacking calcium will be taken from the mother’s bones. Other sources of calcium are green vegetables and nuts. Nowadays calcium is best consumed from milk and the other processes products. Milk also contains a lot of vitamins, such as vitamin A, D, B2, B3, and vitamin C.