Prenatal Care

Antenatal Care During Pregnancy - First Trimester

By the eight or ninth week of your pregnancy, you should have seen your family doctor and registered for antenatal care. If not, then make an appointments as soon as possible. Where you actually receive your antenatal care, and the type of care that you receive, is usually linked with where you ultimate want your baby to be delivered. The first consultation commonly called the booking in appointment is usually held at the maternity unit of your local hospital, where you can discuss your future care. You will be referred here by your family doctor.

It is useful to have an idea of where you would like the baby to be born, and to have discussed this with your partner, before the first antenatal appointment. However, don't worry if you are not sure there is plenty of time to make a decision and you can, of course, change your mind at a lates date.


If you have chosen to have your baby in hospital, then you will probably see hospital staff two or three times during your whole pregnancy. Your family doctor or community midwife will undertake the rest of the care. You will probably be seen at the hospital for a booking in appointment at around 10 to 12 weeks, then again at about 34 or 36 weeks and once more when your baby is finally due.

If you prefer all the antenatal visits to be carried out at the hospital where you will have your baby, your family doctor can arrange this for you.


You may be able to have all your antenatal care in your family doctor's surgery or at the community midwife office, particularly if you have decided to have your baby at home and so long as there are no problems with your pregnancy. You should discuss your preferences at the first booking appointment.


The word Domino stands for Domiciliary In/Out. This is a sheme in which a community midwife shares your antenatal care with the hospital and your family doctor, sometimes visiting you at home to do the routine antenatal checks. The midwife will look after you at home take you into hospital, deliver your baby and then arrange for you to return home within 48 hours of the birth.


You may choose to have a midwife be responsible for all your antenatal care and the delivery. In this case, you may not see a doctor during your pregnancy, except for the initial referral and unless the midwife becomes concerrned about the pregnancy.


By around 12 weeks, you will have an appointments at your antenatal clinic probably the first of several. This first visit is intended to ascertain whether or not your pregnancy and delivery are likely yo be normal. Routine checks will be done, including your weight, blood pressure, urine and blood. You may be offered an HIV test. The midwife will examine your abdomen to check the size of our uterus.

You can discuss screening procedures during this visit and are likely to be offered a routine ultrasound scan, usually done around weeks 10 to 12, to check the baby is developing normally. There are other diagnostic test available, such as nuchal fold ultrasound, triple alphafetoprotein (AFP) and amniocentesis. You don't need to decide what tests, if any, you would like to go ahead with straight away: take time to consider the options.


antenatal care during pregnancyYou will be asked to drink a pint of water before your appointment so that you have a full bladder for the ultrasound. This causes the uterus to be pushed outwards so that it and the baby can be clearly seen.

You lie down for the scan with your abdomen bared. Your skin is covered with a gel, because soundwaves cannot travel through air. The sensor or probe has to make direct airtgiht contact with your skin. The probe is placed on your abdomen and you will see an almost incomprehensible picture on a screen next to you.
The operator will explain what you can see. You should be able to see the baby moving and you will see its heart beating from the seventh week and hear it from the tenth week. Because the baby is so small, it is not possible to see if it is a boy or girl at this stage.

Bonding With Your Partner During Pregnancy

bonding with partner during pregnancyIt is important to bonding with your partner during pregnancy. You have to share emotions and activities together with your partner during the long weeks and months of pregnancy. Normally, a lot of the recognition from the family doctor, medical staff and midwives, and coming from family members and friends is going to be dedicated to you. You should ensure your partner is completely a part of the pregnancy, the delivery itself and definitely the baby.

A lot of men are much less fascinated rather than women in the physical elements of pregnancy and birth. Even so, a lot of will not want to be excluded from experiencing the developing life within you the baby has obtained the gift of life from both its parents, after all. Do not worry if your partner does seem less excited about the pregnancy than you at the moment, the baby could seem very abstract to him. As time goes on, and the pregnancy becomes more visible, men tend to become more involved.


The baby during eight weeks is currently the basic curled condition you discover in photos, having the ears beginning to form and small hands which are presently webbed. he illustrates of early pregnancy will most likely contain the first pregnancy test, the doctor's affirmation of the test and then a first symptoms of the changes that the body is currently starting.

After that is available the ultrasound examination scan. At 12 weeks you may not be able to discern a human form, but around 20 weeks you will probably be able to see the baby's head, perhaps in profile, and the shape of his or her body. Most men and women find these milestones completely fascinating. You may find that you study the ultrasound photograph and talk about it endlessly is it a boy or a girl? How much detail can you see clearly?

To outsiders, most of these intimate chats appears to be simple and pointless, however they perform an essential function for you as a partner. They permit you to get used to the idea that your life is about to change. They give you a chance to bring your imagination to bear on the transforming effect of having a baby in your life. They are, in other words, mental preparation.


Men usually have certain concerns regarding giving birth and also the beginning of fatherhood. Several men, for instance, are not sure in the early stages that they want to be present at the birth. It is not that they do not want to support their partner. Usually, any apprehension is centered on the fear of feeling helpless or useless at a time when their partner is in pain or distress.

This kind of anxiety is normal. It takes most men time to get used to the idea of seeing their child born, and most men are glad, after the event, that they were there.
Conversely, neither of you should forget that men are not in any sense obliged to be there, and should not be railroaded into something that they feel uncomfortable about. Although it is now considered regular for a man to attend the delivery, it is not that long because it was considered fully out of the question.

Some men even now will find it less distressing to pace the corridors in the hospital than to hold your hand in the delivery room, and you may decide that this is the best way to do it for both of you. The main thing is that you and your partner will be able to talk about almost all his concerns honestly and openly. The probabilities are that, in the drama of it all, his response is going to be totally different from whatever you or he have expected.


Things will not stop for you or for your partner even though you are having a baby. Always discuss your different interest, and also to enjoy moment together as the couple. Show the partner you will always be interested in him by continuous to discuss his work, his pros and cons, and all the things which you used to chat about before you became pregnant.

Going for a walk or a swim together before or after wok will benefit both of you and the baby, too. Make a neglect your friends: you can still go out and enjoy yourselves. In fact, you should grab the chance, because in the first three months or so of parenthood your attention will focus solely on the baby and it may seem to your friends that you have dropped off the social radar.


Don't stop supporting your partner just because you are pregnant. It is tempting to put your own needs and emotions first, but remember that he may feel ill or depressed some days, and needs you as much as ever.

Think of solutions to build your partner feel special: for instance, take some time show a true interest in one of his hobbies; have a look at the films he wants to see several times in a row and generally give in to him a little more than usual. Encourage him to share his feelings with you and share yours with him. Show him that you care about him all the more now that you are expecting a baby together.

Check for Stretch Marks During Pregnancy

Stretch marks are something that many women worry about during pregnancy and sometimes even before pregnancy. The vast majority of pregnant women will get stretch marks on some part or parts of their bodies. Studies say that 50 to 90 percent of pregnant women will get them at some point in their pregnancy.

Stretch marks, which are also known as striae gravidarum, are the result of the collagen in your skin breaking down. This process isn't remotely painful; in fact, most mothers do not even notice it until they see the telltale red marks on their skin.

Stretch marks tend to appear on the abdomen, buttocks, breasts, and inner things and arms. While pregnancy is not the only time that people get stretch marks, it is among the most common. Stretch marks occur more frequently as the result of the following:
. Rapid growth or weight gain (such as in pregnancy and puberty)
. Family history of stretch marks
. Personal history of stretch marks
. Certain ethnicities that are more likely to get stretch marks
. Carrying more than one baby
. Having polyhydramnios (too much amniotic fluid)

Store shelves are full of lotions and creams promising to prevent or erase stretch marks. Plenty of women swear by products that help avoid stretch marks. The truth, however, is that very little can be done to prevent stretch marks, but every little bit counts.

First, eat a well-balance diet and drink plenty of water. Healthy, well-nourished skin is more elastic and less apt to break down. You should also make an effort to gain weight slowly over the course of your pregnancy and avoid huge jumps in weight gain. Try lotions that hydrate your skin and make it feel less itchy and raw as it expands. These product probably won't reduce the number or severity of stretch marks, but they will help you stay comfortable.

The good news is that while stretch marks may look bright red and angry in pregnancy, they are not destined to stay that way after you give birth. Over the course of the first few months postpartum, they will begin to fade to a silvery color.
There are some treatments to reduce stretch marks that you can use after giving birth, though most practitioners advise that you wait until you are completely done having children before embarking on expensive treatments that have varying levels of success. Source

Five Ways to Prevent Miscarriage

According to National Infertility Association and contrary to the common belief, as many as 70% of pregnancies may end in miscarriage! With more than 50% of losses going undetected and mistaken for a period. Formerly it was believed that only 15-20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Those figures seems small to the alarmingly high numbers reported today.

The two most common reasons a miscarriage occurs are:

1. The product of pregnancy – the embryo was damaged and could not develop into a healthy baby.

2. The environment – the embryo’s environment did not support its healthy development.

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