Body Changes During First Trimester of Pregnancy
Your baby grows rapidly during the first trimester of pregnancy, and your body changes at the same time. However, most of these developments will go unnoticed by anyone except you and, to a lesser extent, your partner. Many women find it hard to believe that they look much the same as normal, but they do. Your uterus grows to accommodate the developing baby, but by the end of the first trimester it is still no bigger than an avocado pear. Few people will see any difference in your partner may notice that your breasts are fuller, and that your nipples have increased in size abs darkened. Some women do fill out a little.
The most noticeable affects of your pregnancy, though, will be in the way you feel rather than in the way that you look. Your breasts may tingle. You may experience a feeling of fullness in our abdomen. You are likely to want to pass water more frequently, and you may feel nauseous some or perhaps all of the time. You will probably feel alternately anxious and excited as you come to terms with the fact that you are pregnant.
The rapid development rate of the baby in the first weeks of pregnancy is bound to make you feel tired. To help yourself to cope and to ensure that your baby thrives you need early nights, regular exercise and a good, healthy diet. Some women feel energized during early pregnancy, but most feel very tired in a way that feels new. You may feel an overwhelming desire to nap in the afternoon, or to get to bed much earlier than usual. The best way to deal with this is to give in to it rest as much as you can.
Some women sail through their pregnancies without having any nausea, but most experience at least some morning sickness. There are various theories about why this nausea occurs, and some doctors maintain that it is purely psychological. However, most experts think that it is connected to the blood. Morning sickness most commonly affects women in the morning hence its name but it can also occur at other times of day. Some women feel nauseous all day for the first few weeks. Morning sickness usually starts during the sixth week and continues until the twelfth or fourteenth. However, it sometimes continues throughout pregnancy.
Eating little and often can be helpful, and it is usually best to eat something to raise your blood sugar levels before you get up in the morning. A dry biscuit or piece of toast is ideal. Many women find drinking ginger tea or sucking on a piece of raw ginger can help. You should also make sure you drink plenty of fluids, particularly if you are vomiting.
Morning sickness may be exacerbated by kitchen smells, tobacco smoke and alcohol, so these should be avoided. It is not uncommon to notice flecks of blood in the vomit. This is because repeated vomiting may cause breakage of tiny blood vessels in the throat or gullet. The blood vessels will heal by themselves so there is no need to be alarmed by this. However, if your sickness is very severe, tell your doctor.
One of the earliest signs of pregnancy is an increased frequency in urination. This is known medically as micturition. Some women notice they are passing water more often as early as one week after conception. The increase is due partly to the growing uterus pressing against the nearby bladder, and partly because alterations in hormone levels lead to changes in muscle tone. The increase in frequency of urination is often particularly pronounced in the first nine weeks. After this, the uterus tends to moves upwards, which relieves the pressure on the bladder until much later in the pregnancy.
Some women find that they need to pass water more often throughout their whole pregnancy. It is also quite common to pass a small amount of urine when you laugh or cough. Wearing well fitting briefs with a light sanitary towel or incontinence pad will help.
Your breasts may feel heavy and tender, and they often increase in size early on so it is worth investing in a new bra. Your nipples may feel sore and sensitive. They are likely to become harder and may darken in colour. Small white spots may become more pronounced. Breast tenderness is usually relieved after the eight week.
Pregnant women often report experiencing a strange metallic taste in the mouth. You may also develop new preferences for certain foods and drinks, and go off others particularly coffee, alcohol and fried foods. Try to resist any cravings for sugary or high fat snacks since these are high in calories but low in nutrients.